Low temperature behavior of magnetic domains observed using a magnetic force microscope
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A commercial atomic force microscope/magnetic force microscope ~MFM! was modified to cool magnetic samples down to around 100 K under a high vacuum while maintaining its routine imaging functionality. MFM images of a 120 nm thick La0.7Ca0.3MnO3 film on a LaAlO3 substrate at low temperature show the paramagnetic-to-ferromagnetic phase transition. Evolution of magnetic domains and magnetic ripples with decreasing temperature are also observed near the edge of a 20 nm thick patterned Co film on a Si substrate.