Browsing Department of Veterinary Medicine Research Works by Author "Chen, Yanli"
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- ItemCXCR6+CD4+ T cells promote mortality during Trypanosoma brucei infection(PLOS, 2021-10-06) Liu, Gongguan; Abas, Osama; Strickland, Ashley B.; Chen, Yanli; Shi, MeiqingLiver macrophages internalize circulating bloodborne parasites. It remains poorly understood how this process affects the fate of the macrophages and T cell responses in the liver. Here, we report that infection by Trypanosoma brucei induced depletion of macrophages in the liver, leading to the repopulation of CXCL16-secreting intrahepatic macrophages, associated with substantial accumulation of CXCR6+CD4+ T cells in the liver. Interestingly, disruption of CXCR6 signaling did not affect control of the parasitemia, but significantly enhanced the survival of infected mice, associated with reduced inflammation and liver injury. Infected CXCR6 deficient mice displayed a reduced accumulation of CD4+ T cells in the liver; adoptive transfer experiments suggested that the reduction of CD4+ T cells in the liver was attributed to a cell intrinsic property of CXCR6 deficient CD4+ T cells. Importantly, infected CXCR6 deficient mice receiving wild-type CD4+ T cells survived significantly shorter than those receiving CXCR6 deficient CD4+ T cells, demonstrating that CXCR6+CD4+ T cells promote the mortality. We conclude that infection of T. brucei leads to depletion and repopulation of liver macrophages, associated with a substantial influx of CXCR6+CD4+ T cells that mediates mortality.
- ItemFungal dissemination is limited by liver macrophage filtration of the blood(Springer Nature, 2019-10-08) Sun, Donglei; Sun, Peng; Li, Hongmei; Zhang, Mingshun; Liu, Gongguan; Strickland, Ashley B.; Chen, Yanli; Fu, Yong; Xu, Juan; Yosri, Mohammed; Nan, Yuchen; Zhou, Hong; Zhang, Xiquan; Shi, MeiqingFungal dissemination into the bloodstream is a critical step leading to invasive fungal infections. Here, using intravital imaging, we show that Kupffer cells (KCs) in the liver have a prominent function in the capture of circulating Cryptococcus neoformans and Candida albicans, thereby reducing fungal dissemination to target organs. Complement C3 but not C5, and complement receptor CRIg but not CR3, are involved in capture of C. neoformans. Internalization of C. neoformans by KCs is subsequently mediated by multiple receptors, including CR3, CRIg, and scavenger receptors, which work synergistically along with C5aR signaling. Following phagocytosis, the growth of C. neoformans is inhibited by KCs in an IFN-γ independent manner. Thus, the liver filters disseminating fungi from circulation via KCs, providing a mechanistic explanation for the enhanced risk of cryptococcosis among individuals with liver diseases, and suggesting a therapeutic strategy to prevent fungal dissemination through enhancing KC functions.
- ItemIL-27 Negatively Regulates Tip-DC Development during Infection(American Society for Microbiology, 2021-02-16) Liu, Gongguan; Abas, Osama; Fu, Yong; Chen, Yanli; Strickland, Ashley B.; Sun, Donglei; Shi, MeiqingTumor necrosis factor (TNF)/inducible nitric oxide synthase (iNOS)-producing dendritic cells (Tip-DCs) have profound impacts on host immune responses during infections. The mechanisms regulating Tip-DC development remain largely unknown. Here, using a mouse model of infection with African trypanosomes, we show that a deficiency in interleukin-27 receptor (IL-27R) signaling results in escalated intrahepatic accumulation of Ly6C-positive (Ly6C1) monocytes and their differentiation into Tip-DCs. Blocking Tip-DC development significantly ameliorates liver injury and increases the survival of infected IL-27R2/2 mice. Mechanistically, Ly6C1 monocyte differentiation into pathogenic Tip-DCs in infected IL-27R2/2 mice is driven by a CD41 T cell-interferon gamma (IFN-g) axis via cell-intrinsic IFN-g signaling. In parallel, hyperactive IFN-g signaling induces cell death of Ly6C-negative (Ly6C2) monocytes in a cell-intrinsic manner, which in turn aggravates the development of pathogenic Tip-DCs due to the loss of the negative regulation of Ly6C2 monocytes on Ly6C1 monocyte differentiation into Tip-DCs. Thus, IL-27 inhibits the dual-track exacerbation of Tip-DC development induced by a CD41 T cell–IFN-g axis. We conclude that IL-27 negatively regulates Tip-DC development by preventing the cell-intrinsic effects of IFN-g and that the regulation involves CD41 T cells and Ly6C2 monocytes. Targeting IL-27 signaling may manipulate Tip-DC development for therapeutic intervention.
- ItemIL-27 Signaling Promotes Th1 Responses and Is Required to Inhibit Fungal Growth in the Lung during Repeated Exposure to Aspergillus fumigatus(American Association of Immunologists, 2022-01-01) Strickland, Ashley B.; Sun, Donglei; Sun, Peng; Chen, Yanli; Liu, Gongguan; Shi, MeiqingAspergillus fumigatus is an opportunistic fungal pathogen that causes a wide spectrum of diseases in humans, including life-threatening invasive infections as well as several hypersensitivity respiratory disorders. Disease prevention is predicated on the host’s ability to clear A. fumigatus from the lung while also limiting inflammation and preventing allergic responses. IL-27 is an important immunoregulatory cytokine, but its role during A. fumigatus infection remains poorly understood. In contrast to most infection settings demonstrating that IL-27 is anti-inflammatory, in this study we report that this cytokine plays a proinflammatory role in mice repeatedly infected with A. fumigatus. We found that mice exposed to A. fumigatus had significantly enhanced secretion of IL-27 in their lungs. Genetic ablation of IL-27Rα in mice resulted in significantly higher fungal burdens in the lung during infection. The increased fungal growth in IL-27Rα−/− mice was associated with reduced secretion of IL-12, TNF-α, and IFN-γ, diminished T-bet expression, as well as a reduction in CD4+ T cells and their activation in the lung, demonstrating that IL-27 signaling promotes Th1 immune responses during repeated exposure to A. fumigatus. In addition, infected IL-27Rα−/− mice displayed reduced accumulation of dendritic cells and exudate macrophages in their lungs, and these cells had a lower expression of MHC class II. Collectively, this study suggests that IL-27 drives type 1 immunity and is indispensable for inhibiting fungal growth in the lungs of mice repeatedly exposed to A. fumigatus, highlighting a protective role for this cytokine during fungal infection.
- ItemVCAM1/VLA4 interaction mediates Ly6Clow monocyte recruitment to the brain in a TNFR signaling dependent manner during fungal infection(PLoS, 2020-02-26) Sun, Donglei; Zhang, Mingshun; Sun, Peng; Liu, Gongguan; Strickland, Ashley B.; Chen, Yanli; Fu, Yong; Yosri, Mohammed; Shi, MeiqingMonocytes exist in two major populations, termed Ly6C^hi and Ly6C^low monocytes. Compared to Ly6C^hi monocytes, less is known about Ly6C^low monocyte recruitment and mechanisms involved in the recruitment of this subset. Furthermore, the role of Ly6C^low monocytes during infections is largely unknown. Here, using intravital microscopy, we demonstrate that Ly6C^low monocytes are predominantly recruited to the brain vasculature following intravenous infection with Cryptococcus neoformans, a fungal pathogen causing meningoencephalitis. The recruitment depends primarily on the interaction of VCAM1 expressed on the brain endothelium with VLA4 expressed on Ly6C^low monocytes. Furthermore, TNFR signaling is essential for the recruitment through enhancing VLA4 expression on Ly6C^low monocytes. Interestingly, the recruited Ly6C^low monocytes internalized C. neoformans and carried the organism while crawling on and adhering to the luminal wall of brain vasculature and migrating to the brain parenchyma. Our study reveals a substantial recruitment of Ly6C^low monocytes to the brain and highlights important properties of this subset during infection.