HOW DO JUDGMENTS OF INTENTION (JOIS) DIFFER FROM JUDGMENTS OF LEARNING (JOLS)?
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The purpose of this research was to investigate whether metacognitive judgments for prospective memory (PM; also called Judgments of Intention - JOIs) differ from judgments of learning (JOLs). Specifically, this researcher tested whether JOIs exhibit the "delayed-JOL effect", in which JOLs made at a delay following study are more accurate predictors of performance than JOLs made immediately following study. Results from the first two experiments showed no delayed-JOI effect. In Experiments 3 - 5 a time-based paradigm was used to investigate whether the type of judgment prompt might explain this lack of delayed JOI effect. Results suggest that participants are able to make moderately accurate predictions of prospective memory (PM) performance and that delayed JOIs may be more accurate than immediate JOIs when prompted with a cue that does not include either the recognition nor recall target.