Dynamic Infection Spread Model Based Group Testing

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Arasli, B.; Ulukus, S. Dynamic Infection Spread Model Based Group Testing. Algorithms 2023, 16, 25.


Group testing idea is an efficient approach to detect prevalence of an infection in the test samples taken from a group of individuals. It is based on the idea of pooling the test samples and performing tests to the mixed samples. This approach results in possible reduction in the required number of tests to identify infections. Classical group testing works consider static settings where the infection statuses of the individuals do not change throughout the testing process. In our paper, we study a dynamic infection spread model, inspired by the discrete time SIR model, where infections are spread via non-isolated infected individuals, while infection keeps spreading over time, a limited capacity testing is performed at each time instance as well. In contrast to the classical, static group testing problem, the objective in our setup is not to find the minimum number of required tests to identify the infection status of every individual in the population, but to control the infection spread by detecting and isolating the infections over time by using the given, limited number of tests. In order to analyze the performance of the proposed algorithms, we focus on the average-case analysis of the number of individuals that remain non-infected throughout the process of controlling the infection. We propose two dynamic algorithms that both use given limited number of tests to identify and isolate the infections over time, while the infection spreads, while the first algorithm is a dynamic randomized individual testing algorithm, in the second algorithm we employ the group testing approach similar to the original work of Dorfman. By considering weak versions of our algorithms, we obtain lower bounds for the performance of our algorithms. Finally, we implement our algorithms and run simulations to gather numerical results and compare our algorithms and theoretical approximation results under different sets of system parameters.