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dc.contributor.authorDagher, Rada K.
dc.contributor.authorChen, Jie
dc.contributor.authorThomas, Stephen B.
dc.date.accessioned2017-08-29T17:43:12Z
dc.date.available2017-08-29T17:43:12Z
dc.date.issued2015-05-13
dc.identifierhttps://doi.org/10.13016/M2DV1CN9S
dc.identifier.citationDagher RK, Chen J, Thomas SB (2015) Gender Differences in Mental Health Outcomes before, during, and after the Great Recession. PLoS ONE 10(5): e0124103. doi:10.1371/journal. pone.0124103en_US
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/1903/19656
dc.descriptionFunding for Open Access provided by the UMD Libraries Open Access Publishing Fund.
dc.description.abstractWe examined gender differences in mental health outcomes during and post-recession versus pre-recession. We utilized 2005-2006, 2008-2009, and 2010-2011 data from the Medical Expenditure Panel Survey. Females had lower odds of depression diagnoses during and post-recession and better mental health during the recession, but higher odds of anxiety diagnoses post-recession. Males had lower odds of depression diagnoses and better mental health during and post-recession and lower Kessler 6 scores post-recession. We conducted stratified analyses, which confirmed that the aforementioned findings were consistent across the four different regions of the U.S., by employment status, income and health care utilization. Importantly, we found that the higher odds of anxiety diagnoses among females after the recession were mainly prominent among specific subgroups of females: those who lived in the Northeast or the Midwest, the unemployed, and those with low household income. Gender differences in mental health in association with the economic recession highlight the importance of policymakers taking these differences into consideration when designing economic and social policies to address economic downturns. Future research should examine the reasons behind the decreased depression diagnoses among both genders, and whether they signify decreased mental healthcare utilization or increased social support and more time for exercise and leisure activities.en_US
dc.language.isoen_USen_US
dc.publisherPLOS (Public Library of Science)en_US
dc.titleGender Differences in Mental Health Outcomes before, during, and after the Great Recessionen_US
dc.typeArticleen_US
dc.relation.isAvailableAtHealth Services Administration
dc.relation.isAvailableAtSchool of Public Health
dc.relation.isAvailableAtDigital Repository at the University of Maryland (DRUM)
dc.relation.isAvailableAtUniversity of Maryland (College Park, MD)


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