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EVALUATION OF ANTIBIOTIC-RESISTANT BACTERIA IN TERTIARY TREATED WASTEWATER, RECLAIMED WASTEWATER USED FOR SPRAY IRRIGATION, AND RESULTING OCCUPATIONAL EXPOSURES

dc.contributor.advisorSapkota, Amy Ren_US
dc.contributor.authorGoldstein, Rachel Elizabeth Rosenbergen_US
dc.date.accessioned2010-07-03T05:39:59Z
dc.date.available2010-07-03T05:39:59Z
dc.date.issued2010en_US
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/1903/10484
dc.description.abstractOccupational exposures to vancomycin-resistant <italic>Enterococcus</italic> (VRE) and methicillin-resistant <italic>Staphylococcus aureus</italic> (MRSA) in reclaimed wastewater used for spray irrigation were evaluated. In 2009, wastewater was collected from a tertiary-treatment facility, and reclaimed wastewater, nasal and dermal swab samples from an irrigation site. Samples were evaluated for MRSA and VRE using standard methods, PCR, and susceptibility testing. MRSA and VRE were isolated from all wastewater samples except effluent. While wastewater MRSA isolates were multidrug resistant (98%), no MRSA was isolated in irrigation water or swabs. VRE was isolated in one irrigation water sample. Fewer irrigation workers were colonized with <italic>S. aureus</italic> (31%) compared to controls (46%), but they harbored more multidrug resistant <italic>S. aureus</italic>. This is the first study to 1) evaluate antibiotic-resistant bacteria (ARB) in U.S. reclaimed wastewater and resulting occupational exposures, and 2) detect MRSA in U.S. wastewater. The findings suggested that tertiary wastewater treatment effectively reduced MRSA and VRE.en_US
dc.titleEVALUATION OF ANTIBIOTIC-RESISTANT BACTERIA IN TERTIARY TREATED WASTEWATER, RECLAIMED WASTEWATER USED FOR SPRAY IRRIGATION, AND RESULTING OCCUPATIONAL EXPOSURESen_US
dc.typeThesisen_US
dc.contributor.publisherDigital Repository at the University of Marylanden_US
dc.contributor.publisherUniversity of Maryland (College Park, Md.)en_US
dc.contributor.departmentMaryland Institute for Applied Environmental Healthen_US
dc.subject.pqcontrolledEnvironmental Healthen_US
dc.subject.pqcontrolledHealth Sciences, Public Healthen_US
dc.subject.pqcontrolledHealth Sciences, Occupational Health and Safetyen_US
dc.subject.pquncontrolledantimicrobial resistanceen_US
dc.subject.pquncontrolledmethicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureusen_US
dc.subject.pquncontrolledreclaimed wastewateren_US
dc.subject.pquncontrolledspray irrigationen_US
dc.subject.pquncontrolledvancomycin-resistant Enterococcusen_US
dc.subject.pquncontrolledwastewateren_US


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