Associations among food insecurity, dietary sodium and potassium intake levels, and hypertension: a cross-sectional study based on NHANES 2007-2010 data

dc.contributor.advisorCarter-Pokras, Oliviaen_US
dc.contributor.authorNothwehr, Annen_US
dc.contributor.departmentEpidemiology and Biostatisticsen_US
dc.contributor.publisherDigital Repository at the University of Marylanden_US
dc.contributor.publisherUniversity of Maryland (College Park, Md.)en_US
dc.date.accessioned2014-10-16T05:33:36Z
dc.date.available2014-10-16T05:33:36Z
dc.date.issued2014en_US
dc.description.abstractBackground: Food insecure persons may have diet patterns that include excessive sodium and inadequate potassium. These patterns contribute to greater risks of hypertension. Objective: Evaluate levels of association among food insecurity, dietary sodium and potassium intake levels and hypertension among NHANES 2007-2010 adult participants. Methods: Compared mean usual sodium and potassium intakes as well as mean usual sodium-potassium ratios for food secure and food insecure subpopulations. Developed regression models to predict intake levels and hypertension risk. Results: Mean usual sodium intake is not significantly different for food secure and food insecure participants. Mean usual potassium intake is significantly lower and mean usual sodium-potassium ratio is significantly higher for the food insecure subgroup. Controlling for age and household size, food insecure persons are 43% more likely to be hypertensive than food secure persons. Conclusion: Public health measures to decrease cardiovascular disease risk should include interventions designed for this vulnerable subpopulation.en_US
dc.identifierhttps://doi.org/10.13016/M2831J
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/1903/15879
dc.language.isoenen_US
dc.subject.pqcontrolledPublic healthen_US
dc.subject.pqcontrolledEpidemiologyen_US
dc.subject.pqcontrolledNutritionen_US
dc.subject.pquncontrolledfood securityen_US
dc.subject.pquncontrolledhypertensionen_US
dc.subject.pquncontrolledNHANESen_US
dc.subject.pquncontrolledpotassiumen_US
dc.subject.pquncontrolledsodiumen_US
dc.titleAssociations among food insecurity, dietary sodium and potassium intake levels, and hypertension: a cross-sectional study based on NHANES 2007-2010 dataen_US
dc.typeThesisen_US

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