RACE AND IMMIGRATION STATUS AS MODERATORS OF THE RELATIONSHIP BETWEEN FAMILY ACCEPTANCE/FAMILY REJECTION AND DEPRESSIVE SYMPTOMS FOR LGBTQ+ YOUTH
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Research consistently demonstrates that LGBTQ+ youth, when compared to non-LGBTQ+ youth, are at significantly greater risk for depression, anxiety, substance use, and suicidality as a result of stressors related to belonging to a minority group (Russell & Fish, 2016). Family acceptance is an important protective factor against these negative mental health outcomes, and family rejection has been demonstrated as an important risk factor. Research on LGBTQ+ youth has been criticized for regarding all LGBTQ+ youth as the same and not accounting for the intersection and interaction with other identities such as race or immigrant status. The research questions posed by this study are 1) to what extent do race and immigrant status, separately and combined, moderate the established relationship between family acceptance and depressive symptoms?, and 2) to what extent do race and immigrant status, separately and combined, moderate the established relationship between family rejection and depressive symptoms? Results of the present study show that race significantly moderated the relationship between family acceptance and depression for LGBTQ+ youth, but did not moderate the relationship between family rejection and depression. Immigrant status moderated neither relationship. Three-way interactions with race and immigrant status moderated both the association among family acceptance, family rejection, and depression. Clinical implications and implications for future research are discussed.