Cross-Section Measurement of Charged-Pion Photoproduction from Hydrogen and Deuterium
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We have measured the differential cross section for the γn→π-p and γp→π+n reactions at θc.m.=90° in the photon energy range from 1.1 to 5.5 GeV at Jefferson Lab (JLab). The data at Eγ≳3.3 GeV exhibit a global scaling behavior for both π- and π+ photoproduction, consistent with the constituent counting rule and the existing π+ photoproduction data. Possible oscillations around the scaling value are suggested by these new data. The data show enhancement in the scaled cross section at a center-of-mass energy near 2.2 GeV. The cross section ratio of exclusive π- to π+ photoproduction at high energy is consistent with the prediction based on one-hard-gluon-exchange diagrams.