Discriminatory Practices Charged Under EEOC: An Empirical Analysis of Investigated Complaints Filed by those who have Cancer

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Previously unexplored data from the Equal Employment Opportunity Commission (EEOC) Integrated Mission System database is analyzed with specific reference to allegations filed by individuals with cancer of workplace discrimination under ADA Title I between July 27, 1992 and September 30, 2003. These allegations are compared to those from a general disability population on key dimensions of workplace discrimination--specifically, demographic characteristics of the charging parties, the industry designation, location, and region site of employers against whom complaints are filed, types of alleged adverse actions and resolution of these complaints.

Study results showed allegations derived from charging parties with cancer are more likely than those from the general disability population studied to involve issues of discharge, terms and conditions of employment, lay-offs, wages and terms conditions of employment and demotion. Compared to the general disability group, charging parties with cancer were more likely to be female, approximately 47 years of age and Caucasian. Allegations derived from charging parties with cancer were also more likely to be filed against smaller employers (15-100 workers) or those in the service industries compared to those from the general disability population. Claims filed by those with cancer were likely to be found to have merit more than those filed from the general disability population. Implications for rehabilitation counselor education are addressed and recommendations for further research are provided.