An Experimental Investigation of the Functional Relationship between Social Phobia and Cigarette Smoking

dc.contributor.advisorLejuez, Carl Wen_US
dc.contributor.authorDahne, Jennifer Reneeen_US
dc.contributor.publisherDigital Repository at the University of Marylanden_US
dc.contributor.publisherUniversity of Maryland (College Park, Md.)en_US
dc.description.abstractIndividuals with Social Phobia (SP) represent a large group with elevated rates of cigarette smoking and cessation rates lower than that of individuals without psychopathology. For individuals with SP, cigarette smoking may be used to reduce social anxiety in anticipation of and during social situations, however, no study to date has experimentally examined this function. The aim of the current study was to experimentally examine the functional relationship between cigarette smoking and SP as a function of induced social stress. Results indicated that high SP individuals experienced significant decreases in negative affect following smoking a cigarette when experiencing social stress. This effect was specific to high SP individuals under social stress condition and was not observed among individuals average in SP or when examining changes in positive affect. Findings are discussed in the context of understanding risk factors for smoking initiation and maintenance as well the development of efficacious interventions.en_US
dc.subject.pqcontrolledClinical psychologyen_US
dc.subject.pquncontrolledCigarette Smokingen_US
dc.subject.pquncontrolledSocial Phobiaen_US
dc.titleAn Experimental Investigation of the Functional Relationship between Social Phobia and Cigarette Smokingen_US


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