Regulation of Virulence by BarA-UvrY Two-Component system and LuxS in Extraintestinal Pathogenic Escherichia coli.
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Pathogenic E. coli cause intestinal or extraintestinal infections in many host species. E. coli strains enter the intestinal tract through food and colonize the intestinal epithelium to cause infections. In animals and humans, E. coli causes gastroenteritis, neonatal meningitis and urinary tract infections. In birds, E. coli causes a complex syndrome called avian colibacillosis. The orthologs of BarA-UvrY two-component (TCS) system is known to regulate a number of phenotypic traits in gamma proteobacteria, although their role in Extraintestinal pathogenic Escherichia coli (ExPEC) virulence is yet to be determined. The barA gene is membrane bound sensor kinase protein and the uvrY gene encodes the cognate response regulator in E. coli. Work in this study has focused how the BarA-UvrY and LuxS system regulates in vivo virulence in uropathogenic E. coli (UPEC) and avian pathogenic E. coli (APEC) during infection. The main goal of this study is to look at how BarA-UvrY TCS and LuxS regulate virulence in APEC 7122 and UPEC CFT073. In this study, we studied the role of BarA-UvrY TCS system in regulation of virulence in the aforementioned ExPEC strains using animal model and tissue culture system and the role of LuxS in regulation of virulence determination in ExPEC. Our results indicate that BarA-UvrY regulates multiple virulence properties in APEC 7122 and UPEC CFT073 and that LuxS regulates partial virulence properties in APEC 7122 and UPEC CFT073.