OMI Tropospheric Sulfur Dioxide Retreival: Validation and Analysis
Dickerson, Russell R
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SO2 impacts the radiative balance of the Earth and is the precursor to the major acid and much of the particulate matter in the atmosphere. Improved spectrometer resolution of the Ozone Monitoring Instrument (OMI) enables SO2 retrieval in the planetary boundary layer. OMI has a small spatial resolution of 13 km x 24 km and daily near-global coverage. I have evaluated the accuracy of the OMI by comparing aircraft measurements in Northeast China to the OMI retrieval of three different algorithms: the Band Residual Difference (BRD), the Spectral Fit (SF), and a combination of the two (SF & BRD). The SF algorithm shows the best agreement with a less than 15% difference for high SO2 loading (greater than 1 DU). The SF & BRD has a ~ -0.25 DU bias, the BRD and SF a ~ -0.1 DU bias. The noise of the OMI is reduced to ~0.2 DU by averaging over 100 days and is not improved by increasing the averaging time. The OMI is also able to track SO2 as it moves away from its source region in the PBL and once it is lofted above this layer.