ARCHAEOLOGICAL INVESTIGATIONS OF SITE 36LU321, YANAC HOUSE, PARDEESVILLE LUZERNE COUNTY, PENNSYLVANIA
Shackel, Paul A.
Jones, Sean M.
Westmont, V. Camille
MetadataShow full item record
The University of Maryland Anthracite Heritage Program summer archaeological field methods course was taught at Pardeesville, Hazle Township, Luzerne County, Pennsylvania (previously Lattimer Village No.2) from May through July 2014. As a result of the field school, two previously undocumented sites were investigated: 36LU321 (Yanac House) and 36LU323 (Lower Street Double). The following report outlines the Phase I and II archaeological investigations at the Yanac House Site. The objective of this work was to assess the integrity of archaeological deposits at the sites to aid in research themes related to the lives of immigrant and second-generation laborers and their families at the Yanac House Site, and Northeast Pennsylvania as a whole. These research themes include household demographics, health care, land usage, and transgenerational trauma. The field school investigations included historical research and excavation of shovel test pits and test units varying in size (5 ft x 5 ft, 4 ft x 5 ft, 2.5 ft x 5 ft, and 7.5 ft x 7.5 ft). In total 4 shovel test pits (STPs) and 9 test units were excavated at 36LU321. The site yielded 7,766 artifacts, 417 of which were ceramic sherds, 1,906 of which were glass, and 1282 of which were modern materials. Over 110 complete glass bottles were recovered from the excavation, many of which were related to medicinal care for diabetes, eczema, and congestion/coughing. Site 36LU321 (Yanac House) consisted of a company-constructed double tenancy house. The house was constructed by the Pardee Brothers and Company in Lattimer Village No. 2. The household was rented until the company’s bankruptcy in 1940, and subsequently purchased by the occupying tenants, the Berish family. The Yanac House (eastern portion of household lot #57) has been occupied from the coal village tenancy of the 19th century to the present day. In 2000 the Yanac family would purchase the property from the Berish descendants. Analysis of the Yanac house artifact assemblage is guided by research themes to provide a framework of understanding the occupation and lifestyle of the household residents. The research themes include: (1) land and spatial usage, (2) household demographics, (3) medicinal usage/availability, and (4) transgenerational trauma. The Yanac House structure has survived over 150 years, however it has been modified over this time-period. Large scale modifications occurred during the Berish occupation in the mid-20th century and the house has since been modernized. The large quantity of complete medicinal bottles recovered from the site provide significant research potential regarding the effects of structural violence on an immigrant labor force, and how this trauma affects future generations. Material culture related to diabetes and asthma provide data related to transgenerational trauma in the anthracite coal region.