Chinese Parenting Styles and Parental Involvement on Adolescents’ School Success
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Academic burnout and engagement are important indicators of students’ school success. Studies have revealed that parenting styles and parental involvement have significant influences on students’ academic burnout and engagement. However, few studies have explored the mechanism of how parenting styles and parental involvement impact students’ academic burnout and engagement, especially among Chinese high school students. This study examined whether parenting styles and parental involvement (based on parental report) influenced high school students’ academic burnout and engagement via perceived parental support (based on adolescent report). A total of 285 Chinese high school students and their fathers and mothers participated in the current study. Results indicated that paternal authoritative parenting negatively related to academic burnout, and maternal authoritarian parenting positively related to academic burnout. Additionally, in both paternal and maternal models, perceived parental support mediated the relations between authoritative parenting and knowledge and skills involvement and students’ academic engagement. Moreover, the study also indicated that fathers and mothers may influence boys’ and girls’ academic burnout and engagement differently. Parents and schools can use the findings to increase high students’ academic engagement and decrease students’ academic burnout.