Effects of Fire Whirl Generator Dimensions on Flame Length and Burning Rate
Dowling, Joseph Lee
Gollner, Michael J
MetadataShow full item record
In-situ burning remains an efficient method of oil spill cleanup, but the implementation of fire whirls over the spilled fuel has the potential increase the speed and efficacy of the process by increasing burning rate and temperature. Logistical requirements would then be placed on the size of the fire whirl generator. A range of wall heights between 0 and55 cm were tested for a fixed-frame fire whirl generator with a liquid fuel source 10.5cm in diameter to analyze the effect on the burning rate and flame length of resulting fire whirls. For very short walls, with heights approximately equal to the fuel pool diameter,an increase of almost double was shown in the mass loss rate. The flame length for the fire whirl increased drastically for wall heights above a critical value of 35 cm, forming stable on-source fire whirls. This indicates that the inflow boundary layer of the fire whirl is a crucial feature causing an increase in the burning rate, while a critical wall height is necessary for aerodynamic effects to form stable on-source fire whirls with extended flame engths.