Show simple item record

Metagenomics Reveals Bacterial and Archaeal Adaptation to Urban Land-Use: N Catabolism, Methanogenesis, and Nutrient Acquisition

dc.contributor.authorEpp Schmidt, Dietrich J.
dc.contributor.authorKotze, David Johan
dc.contributor.authorHornung, Erzsébet
dc.contributor.authorSetälä, Heikki
dc.contributor.authorYesilonis, Ian
dc.contributor.authorSzlavecz, Katalin
dc.contributor.authorDombos, Miklós
dc.contributor.authorPouyat, Richard
dc.contributor.authorCilliers, Sarel
dc.contributor.authorTóth, Zsolt
dc.contributor.authorYarwood, Stephanie
dc.date.accessioned2020-07-08T15:45:50Z
dc.date.available2020-07-08T15:45:50Z
dc.date.issued2019-10-10
dc.identifierhttps://doi.org/10.13016/kwvl-7hvw
dc.identifier.citationEpp Schmidt DJ, Kotze DJ, Hornung E, Setälä H, Yesilonis I, Szlavecz K, Dombos M, Pouyat R, Cilliers S, Tóth Z and Yarwood S (2019) Metagenomics Reveals Bacterial and Archaeal Adaptation to Urban Land-Use: N Catabolism, Methanogenesis, and Nutrient Acquisition. Front. Microbiol. 10:2330. doi: 10.3389/fmicb.2019.02330en_US
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/1903/26118
dc.descriptionPartial funding for Open Access provided by the UMD Libraries' Open Access Publishing Fund.en_US
dc.description.abstractUrbanization results in the systemic conversion of land-use, driving habitat and biodiversity loss. The “urban convergence hypothesis” posits that urbanization represents a merging of habitat characteristics, in turn driving physiological and functional responses within the biotic community. To test this hypothesis, we sampled five cities (Baltimore, MD, United States; Helsinki and Lahti, Finland; Budapest, Hungary; Potchefstroom, South Africa) across four different biomes. Within each city, we sampled four land-use categories that represented a gradient of increasing disturbance and management (from least intervention to highest disturbance: reference, remnant, turf/lawn, and ruderal). Previously, we used amplicon sequencing that targeted bacteria/archaea (16S rRNA) and fungi (ITS) and reported convergence in the archaeal community. Here, we applied shotgun metagenomic sequencing and QPCR of functional genes to the same soil DNA extracts to test convergence in microbial function. Our results suggest that urban land-use drives changes in gene abundance related to both the soil N and C metabolism. Our updated analysis found taxonomic convergence in both the archaeal and bacterial community (16S amplicon data). Convergence of the archaea was driven by increased abundance of ammonia oxidizing archaea and genes for ammonia oxidation (QPCR and shotgun metagenomics). The proliferation of ammonia-oxidizers under turf and ruderal land-use likely also contributes to the previously documented convergence of soil mineral N pools. We also found a higher relative abundance of methanogens (amplicon sequencing), a higher relative abundance of gene sequences putatively identified as Ni-Fe hydrogenase and nickel uptake (shotgun metagenomics) under urban land-use; and a convergence of gene sequences putatively identified as contributing to the nickel transport function under urban turf sites. High levels of disturbance lead to a higher relative abundance of gene sequences putatively identified as multiple antibiotic resistance protein marA and multidrug efflux pump mexD, but did not lead to an overall convergence in antibiotic resistance gene sequences.en_US
dc.language.isoen_USen_US
dc.publisherFrontiers Mediaen_US
dc.titleMetagenomics Reveals Bacterial and Archaeal Adaptation to Urban Land-Use: N Catabolism, Methanogenesis, and Nutrient Acquisitionen_US
dc.typeArticleen_US
dc.relation.isAvailableAtCollege of Agriculture & Natural Resourcesen_us
dc.relation.isAvailableAtEnvironmental Science & Technologyen_us
dc.relation.isAvailableAtDigital Repository at the University of Marylanden_us
dc.relation.isAvailableAtUniversity of Maryland (College Park, MD)en_us


Files in this item

Thumbnail

This item appears in the following Collection(s)

Show simple item record