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Urbanization Altered Bacterial and Archaeal Composition in Tidal Freshwater Wetlands Near Washington DC, USA, and Buenos Aires, Argentina

dc.contributor.authorGonzalez Mateu, Martina
dc.contributor.authorPark, Cedric Evan
dc.contributor.authorMcAskill, Cullen Patrick
dc.contributor.authorBaldwin, Andrew H.
dc.contributor.authorYarwood, Stephanie A.
dc.date.accessioned2019-12-02T18:13:22Z
dc.date.available2019-12-02T18:13:22Z
dc.date.issued2019-03-06
dc.identifierhttps://doi.org/10.13016/gdsg-rwna
dc.identifier.citationGonzalez Mateu, M.; Park, C.E.; McAskill, C.P.; Baldwin, A.H.; Yarwood, S.A. Urbanization Altered Bacterial and Archaeal Composition in Tidal Freshwater Wetlands Near Washington DC, USA, and Buenos Aires, Argentina. Microorganisms 2019, 7, 72. doi: https://doi.org/10.3390/microorganisms7030072en_US
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/1903/25304
dc.descriptionPartial funding for Open Access provided by the UMD Libraries' Open Access Publishing Fund.
dc.description.abstractUrban expansion causes coastal wetland loss, and environmental stressors associated with development can lead to wetland degradation and loss of ecosystem services. This study investigated the effect of urbanization on prokaryotic community composition in tidal freshwater wetlands. Sites in an urban, suburban, and rural setting were located near Buenos Aires, Argentina, and Washington D.C., USA.We sampled soil associated with two pairs of functionally similar plant species, and used Illumina sequencing of the 16S rRNA gene to examine changes in prokaryotic communities. Urban stressors included raw sewage inputs, nutrient pollution, and polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons. Prokaryotic communities changed along the gradient (nested PerMANOVA, Buenos Aires: p = 0.005; Washington D.C.: p = 0.001), but did not differ between plant species within sites. Indicator taxa included Methanobacteria in rural sites, and nitrifying bacteria in urban sites, and we observed a decrease in methanogens and an increase in ammonia-oxidizers from rural to urban sites. Functional profiles in the Buenos Aires communities showed higher abundance of pathways related to nitrification and xenobiotic degradation in the urban site. These results suggest that changes in prokaryotic taxa across the gradient were due to surrounding stressors, and communities in urban and rural wetlands are likely carrying out different functions.en_US
dc.language.isoen_USen_US
dc.publisherMDPIen_US
dc.subjecturbanizationen_US
dc.subjecttidal freshwater wetlandsen_US
dc.subjectsoil microbial communitiesen_US
dc.subject16S rRNAen_US
dc.subjectxenobiotic degradationen_US
dc.subjectnitrification; methanogensen_US
dc.titleUrbanization Altered Bacterial and Archaeal Composition in Tidal Freshwater Wetlands Near Washington DC, USA, and Buenos Aires, Argentinaen_US
dc.typeArticleen_US
dc.relation.isAvailableAtCollege of Agriculture & Natural Resourcesen_us
dc.relation.isAvailableAtEnvironmental Science & Technologyen_us
dc.relation.isAvailableAtDigital Repository at the University of Marylanden_us
dc.relation.isAvailableAtUniversity of Maryland (College Park, MD)en_us


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