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Fast mapping in linguistic context: Processing and complexity effects

dc.contributor.advisorHuang, Yi Tingen_US
dc.contributor.authorArnold, Alison Reeseen_US
dc.date.accessioned2015-06-27T05:33:56Z
dc.date.available2015-06-27T05:33:56Z
dc.date.issued2015en_US
dc.identifierhttps://doi.org/10.13016/M2192T
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/1903/16712
dc.description.abstractYoung children readily use syntactic cues for word learning in structurally-simple contexts (Naigles, 1990). However, developmental differences in children's language processing abilities might interfere with their access to syntactic cues when novel words are presented in structurally-challenging contexts. To understand the role of processing on syntactic bootstrapping, we used an eye-tracking paradigm to examine children's fast-mapping abilities in active (structurally-simple) and passive (structurally-complex) sentences. Actions after sentences indicated children were more successful mapping words in passive sentences when novel words were presented in NP2 ("The seal will be quickly eaten by the blicket") than when novel words were presented in NP1 ("The blicket will be quickly eaten by the seal"), indicating presenting more prominent nouns in NP1 increases children's agent-first bias and sabotages interpretation of passives. Later recall data indicate children were less likely to remember new words in structurally-challenging contexts.en_US
dc.language.isoenen_US
dc.titleFast mapping in linguistic context: Processing and complexity effectsen_US
dc.typeThesisen_US
dc.contributor.publisherDigital Repository at the University of Marylanden_US
dc.contributor.publisherUniversity of Maryland (College Park, Md.)en_US
dc.contributor.departmentHearing and Speech Sciencesen_US
dc.subject.pqcontrolledBehavioral sciencesen_US
dc.subject.pqcontrolledPsychologyen_US
dc.subject.pqcontrolledLinguisticsen_US
dc.subject.pquncontrolledeye-trackingen_US
dc.subject.pquncontrolledlanguage developmenten_US
dc.subject.pquncontrolledpassivesen_US
dc.subject.pquncontrolledword learningen_US


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