Analysis of Factors Associated With Tuberculosis Outcomes in District Kullu, India

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Date
2012
Authors
Stone, Heather
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Lee, Sunmin
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Abstract
India is the country with the largest number of tuberculosis (TB) cases, contributing 20% of the global burden of infection (1) and 2 million cases annually (2). However, few if any studies have examined the epidemiology of TB in the Northern state of Himachal Pradesh. This study is a retrospective review of medical records of all tuberculosis patients (N=1086) seen at the two hospitals in Manali, District Kullu, Himachal Pradesh, India between 2008-2011. The analysis determined that being younger, female, living in a town, and/or a patient at Mission Hospital, were factors significantly associated with having extrapulmonary versus pulmonary tuberculosis (EPTB). Being older was associated with an increased likelihood of previous/complex treatment compared to new patients. Being female, from a town, and/or older were associated with receiving a non-standard regimen. Finally, patients who were previously treated/complex were significantly more likely to receive a non-standard regimen than new patients.
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