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CONTRIBUTIONS OF AGENCY VS. NON-AGENCY TO SEQUENTIAL MEMORY IN 3-YEAR OLDS

dc.contributor.advisorWoodward, Amanda L.en_US
dc.contributor.authorShuck, Lauren Haumesseren_US
dc.date.accessioned2011-07-06T05:37:52Z
dc.date.available2011-07-06T05:37:52Z
dc.date.issued2010en_US
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/1903/11458
dc.description.abstractTwo studies explored the effect of agency on memory in 3-year-old children when learning a sequence in a picture-book format. Previous research has shown that with both adults and older children, the inclusion of agency in free verbal recall is a central theme. However, very young children are often thought to have poor memory for social events because of their verbal limitations. By using a form of deferred imitation, Study 1 explored social episodic memory in a non-verbal sequential reconstruction task. Children who saw an agent in the picture sequence reconstructed more steps than those that did not see an agent present in the picture-books. Study 2 expanded upon these results by investigating the extent to which agency is necessary in order to improve memory, and what properties of the Study 1 increased performance. In this study, participants who were presented with an agent in only the first and last picture of the sequence did not reconstruct more steps than those that did not see an agent present. Taken together, agency may increase memory for a sequence but only if ample amounts of agentive cues are present throughout.en_US
dc.titleCONTRIBUTIONS OF AGENCY VS. NON-AGENCY TO SEQUENTIAL MEMORY IN 3-YEAR OLDSen_US
dc.typeThesisen_US
dc.contributor.publisherDigital Repository at the University of Marylanden_US
dc.contributor.publisherUniversity of Maryland (College Park, Md.)en_US
dc.contributor.departmentPsychologyen_US
dc.subject.pqcontrolledDevelopmental Psychologyen_US
dc.subject.pquncontrolledAgencyen_US
dc.subject.pquncontrolledBooksen_US
dc.subject.pquncontrolledCharacteren_US
dc.subject.pquncontrolledLearningen_US
dc.subject.pquncontrolledMemoryen_US
dc.subject.pquncontrolledPreschoolen_US


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