Capacity Bounds For Multi-User Channels With Feedback, Relaying and Cooperation
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Recent developments in communications are driven by the goal of achieving high data rates for wireless communication devices. To achieve this goal, several new phenomena need to be investigated from an information theoretic perspective. In this dissertation, we focus on three of these phenomena: feedback, relaying and cooperation. We study these phenomena for various multi-user channels from an information theoretic point of view. One of the aims of this dissertation is to study the performance limits of simple wireless networks, for various forms of feedback and cooperation. Consider an uplink communication system, where several users wish to transmit independent data to a base-station. If the base-station can send feedback to the users, one can expect to achieve higher data-rates since feedback can enable cooperation among the users. Another way to improve data-rates is to make use of the broadcast nature of the wireless medium, where the users can overhear each other's transmitted signals. This particular phenomenon has garnered much attention lately, where users can help in increasing each other's data-rates by utilizing the overheard information. This overheard information can be interpreted as a generalized form of feedback. To take these several models of feedback and cooperation into account, we study the two-user multiple access channel and the two-user interference channel with generalized feedback. For all these models, we derive new outer bounds on their capacity regions. We specialize these results for noiseless feedback, additive noisy feedback and user-cooperation models and show strict improvements over the previously known bounds. Next, we study state-dependent channels with rate-limited state information to the receiver or to the transmitter. This state-dependent channel models a practical situation of fading, where the fade information is partially available to the receiver or to the transmitter. We derive new bounds on the capacity of such channels and obtain capacity results for a special sub-class of such channels. We study the effect of relaying by considering the parallel relay network, also known as the diamond channel. The parallel relay network considered in this dissertation comprises of a cascade of a general broadcast channel to the relays and an orthogonal multiple access channel from the relays to the receiver. We characterize the capacity of the diamond channel, when the broadcast channel is deterministic. We also study the diamond channel with partially separated relays, and obtain capacity results when the broadcast channel is either semi-deterministic or physically degraded. Our results also demonstrate that feedback to the relays can strictly increase the capacity of the diamond channel. In several sensor network applications, distributed lossless compression of sources is of considerable interest. The presence of adversarial nodes makes it important to design compression schemes which serve the dual purpose of reliable source transmission to legitimate nodes while minimizing the information leakage to the adversarial nodes. Taking this constraint into account, we consider information theoretic secrecy, where our aim is to limit the information leakage to the eavesdropper. For this purpose, we study a secure source coding problem with coded side information from a helper to the legitimate user. We derive the rate-equivocation region for this problem. We show that the helper node serves the dual purpose of reducing the source transmission rate and increasing the uncertainty at the adversarial node. Next, we considered two different secure source coding models and provide the corresponding rate-equivocation regions.