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Steriod Hormones in Biosolids and Poultry Litter: A Comparison of Potential Environmental Inputs

dc.contributor.advisorTorrents, Albaen_US
dc.contributor.advisorRice, Clifforden_US
dc.contributor.authorBevacqua, Christine Elizabethen_US
dc.date.accessioned2010-07-03T05:40:56Z
dc.date.available2010-07-03T05:40:56Z
dc.date.issued2010en_US
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/1903/10489
dc.description.abstractSteroid hormones can act as potent endocrine disruptors when released into the environment. The main sources of these chemicals are thought to be wastewater treatment plant discharges and waste from animal feeding operations. While these compounds have frequently been found in wastewater effluents, few studies have investigated biosolids or manure, which are routinely land applied, as potential sources. This study assessed the relative environmental contribution of steroid hormones from biosolids and chicken litter. Samples of limed biosolids collected over a four year period and chicken litter from 12 mid-Atlantic farms were analyzed for 17β-estradiol (E2), estrone (E1), estriol (E3), 17α-ethinylestradiol (EE2), progesterone, and testosterone, and the conjugated hormones E1-sulfate (E1-S), E2-3-sulfate (E2-3-S), and E2-17-sulfate (E2-17-3). Results showed that E1 and progesterone were the most prevalent compounds in both of these materials, with E1-S also present in chicken litter.en_US
dc.titleSteriod Hormones in Biosolids and Poultry Litter: A Comparison of Potential Environmental Inputsen_US
dc.typeThesisen_US
dc.contributor.publisherDigital Repository at the University of Marylanden_US
dc.contributor.publisherUniversity of Maryland (College Park, Md.)en_US
dc.contributor.departmentMarine-Estuarine-Environmental Sciencesen_US
dc.subject.pqcontrolledChemistry, Analyticalen_US
dc.subject.pqcontrolledEnvironmental Sciencesen_US
dc.subject.pqcontrolledChemistry, Agriculturalen_US
dc.subject.pquncontrolledbiosolidsen_US
dc.subject.pquncontrolledestrogenen_US
dc.subject.pquncontrolledpoultry litteren_US
dc.subject.pquncontrolledprogesteroneen_US
dc.subject.pquncontrolledsludgeen_US
dc.subject.pquncontrolledtestosteroneen_US


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