Linking frequency to bilingual switch costs during real-time sentence comprehension

dc.contributor.authorSalig, Lauren K.
dc.contributor.authorValdés Kroff, Jorge R.
dc.contributor.authorSlevc, L. Robert
dc.contributor.authorNovick, Jared M.
dc.date.accessioned2023-09-19T16:03:41Z
dc.date.available2023-09-19T16:03:41Z
dc.date.issued2023-05-30
dc.description.abstractBilinguals experience processing costs when comprehending code-switches, yet the magnitude of the cost fluctuates depending on numerous factors. We tested whether switch costs vary based on the frequency of different types of code-switches, as estimated from natural corpora of bilingual speech and text. Spanish–English bilinguals in the U.S. read single-language and code-switched sentences in a self-paced task. Sentence regions containing code-switches were read more slowly than single-language control regions, consistent with the idea that integrating a code-switch poses a processing challenge. Crucially, more frequent code-switches elicited significantly smaller costs both within and across most classes of switch types (e.g., within verb phrases and when comparing switches at verb-phrase and noun-phrase sites). The results suggest that, in addition to learning distributions of syntactic and semantic patterns, bilinguals develop finely tuned expectations about code-switching behavior – representing one reason why code-switching in naturalistic contexts may not be particularly costly.
dc.description.urihttps://doi.org/10.1017/S1366728923000366
dc.identifierhttps://doi.org/10.13016/dspace/euir-tyee
dc.identifier.citationSalig, L., Valdés Kroff, J., Slevc, L., & Novick, J. (2023). Linking frequency to bilingual switch costs during real-time sentence comprehension. Bilingualism: Language and Cognition, 1-16.
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/1903/30542
dc.language.isoen_US
dc.publisherCambridge University Press
dc.relation.isAvailableAtCollege of Behavioral & Social Sciencesen_us
dc.relation.isAvailableAtHearing & Speech Sciencesen_us
dc.relation.isAvailableAtDigital Repository at the University of Marylanden_us
dc.relation.isAvailableAtUniversity of Maryland (College Park, MD)en_us
dc.subjectcode-switching
dc.subjectcomprehension
dc.subjectsyntax
dc.subjectcorpora
dc.subjectreading times
dc.titleLinking frequency to bilingual switch costs during real-time sentence comprehension
dc.typeArticle
local.equitableAccessSubmissionNo

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