Familial sources of encouragement and breast-feeding practices among women participating in the US Special Supplemental Nutrition Programme for Women, Infants and Children

dc.contributor.authorChannell Doig, Amara
dc.contributor.authorAparicio, Elizabeth M
dc.contributor.authorGallo, Sina
dc.date.accessioned2023-09-19T16:01:38Z
dc.date.available2023-09-19T16:01:38Z
dc.date.issued2023-04-05
dc.description.abstractObjective: To explore how sources of familial encouragement are associated with breast-feeding initiation and duration among a national sample participating in the US Special Supplemental Nutrition Program for Women, Infants, and Children (WIC). Design: This study uses the 2013–2015 WIC Infant and Toddler Feeding Practices Study 2 (WIC ITFPS-2) data. Breast-feeding initiation was measured at the first month, while duration was derived from a composite of the first 13 months. The analysis used logistic and linear regression to explore the association between encouragement sources and breast-feeding outcomes. Setting: A nationally representative sample of WIC participants in the USA. Participants: WIC participants who completed the 13-month interview of the WIC ITFPS-2 (n 2807). Results: Encouragement was significantly associated with both initiation and duration. Each source of encouragement was associated with a 3·2 (95 % CI 2·8, 3·8) increase in odds of initiating breast-feeding in the unadjusted model and 3·0 (95 % CI 2·5, 3·6) increased odds, controlling for age, education, nativity, poverty status, race and ethnicity (<0·0001). When predicting log duration, each percent increase in source of encouragement was associated with an increasing duration on average by 0·003 d (95 % CI 0·2, 0·3, <0·0001). When controls were added, it was associated with an increase of an average of 0·002 d (95 % CI 0·2, 0·3) per percent increase in encouragement source (<0·0001). Conclusions: Women who receive encouragement appear to be more likely to breastfeed. Additional work is needed to explore sources of encouragement and how to include them in intervention work.
dc.description.urihttps://doi.org/10.1017/S1368980023000666
dc.identifierhttps://doi.org/10.13016/dspace/ci5s-np2l
dc.identifier.citationChannell Doig, A., Aparicio, E., & Gallo, S. (2023). Familial sources of encouragement and breast-feeding practices among women participating in the US Special Supplemental Nutrition Programme for Women, Infants and Children. Public Health Nutrition, 26(9), 1871-1877.
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/1903/30537
dc.language.isoen_US
dc.publisherCambridge University Press
dc.relation.isAvailableAtSchool of Public Healthen_us
dc.relation.isAvailableAtPublic & Community Healthen_us
dc.relation.isAvailableAtDigital Repository at the University of Marylanden_us
dc.relation.isAvailableAtUniversity of Maryland (College Park, MD)en_us
dc.subjectbreast-feeding
dc.subjectWIC
dc.subjectbreast-feeding duration
dc.subjectinfant feeding
dc.subjectsocial support
dc.subjectmaternal health
dc.subjectfamily
dc.titleFamilial sources of encouragement and breast-feeding practices among women participating in the US Special Supplemental Nutrition Programme for Women, Infants and Children
dc.typeArticle
local.equitableAccessSubmissionNo

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