IMPACT OF PERIODIC HIGH CONCENTRATIONS OF SALTS ON BIORETENTION NUTRIENTS PERFORMANCE
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Bioretention is a stormwater control measure commonly used to remove pollutants, including nitrogen (N) and phosphorus (P), from urban runoff. This project seeks to evaluate the impacts of high concentrations of sodium chloride (NaCl) deicer on bioretention N and P removal performances. Bioretention mesocosm studies were conducted to examine N and P removal efficiencies following periodic 2,000, 5,000, and 10,000 mg/L NaCl salt applications. Episodic washouts of TSS, N and P, likely due to ion exchange with the sodium and chloride ions, were observed for all three columns and mass export of P was observed for the 2,000 and 5,000 mg/L NaCl columns after 26 m and 7 m applied water, respectively. No mass N export was observed. Based on a mass balance of N and P, it is recommended to limit the use of deicers to prevent long-term P export.