Cognitive testing of physical activity and acculturation questions in recent and long-term Latino immigrants

dc.contributor.authorBerrigan, David
dc.contributor.authorForsyth, Barbara H
dc.contributor.authorHelba, Cynthia
dc.contributor.authorLevin, Kerry
dc.contributor.authorNorberg, Alicia
dc.contributor.authorWillis, Gordon B
dc.description.abstractWe ascertained the degree to which language (English versus Spanish), and residence time in the US influence responses to survey questions concerning two topics: self-reported acculturation status, and recent physical activity (PA). This topic is likely to be of general interest because of growing numbers of immigrants in countries worldwide. We carried out qualitative (cognitive) interviews of survey items on acculturation and physical activity on 27 Latino subjects from three groups: (a) In Spanish, of those of low residence time (less than five years living in the U.S.) (n = 9); (b) In Spanish, of those of high residence time (15 or more years in the U.S) (n = 9); and (c) in English, of those of high residence time (n = 9). There were very few language translation problems; general question design defects and socio-cultural challenges to survey responses were more common. Problems were found for both acculturation and PA questions, with distinct problem types for the two question areas. Residence time/language group was weakly associated with overall frequency of problems observed: low residence time/Spanish (86%), high residence time/Spanish (67%), and English speaking groups (62%). Standardized survey questions related to acculturation and physical activity present somewhat different cognitive challenges. For PA related questions, problems with such questions were similar regardless of subject residence time or language preference. For acculturation related questions, residence time/language or education level influenced responses to such questions. These observations should help in the interpretation of survey results for culturally diverse populations.en_US
dc.identifier.citationBerrigan, D., Forsyth, B.H., Helba, C. et al. Cognitive testing of physical activity and acculturation questions in recent and long-term Latino immigrants. BMC Public Health 10, 481 (2010).en_US
dc.publisherSpringer Natureen_US
dc.relation.isAvailableAtCollege of Arts & Humanitiesen_us
dc.relation.isAvailableAtLanguages, Literatures, & Culturesen_us
dc.relation.isAvailableAtDigital Repository at the University of Marylanden_us
dc.relation.isAvailableAtUniversity of Maryland (College Park, MD)en_us
dc.subjectPhysical Activityen_US
dc.subjectNational Health Interview Surveyen_US
dc.subjectRecent Immigranten_US
dc.subjectCognitive Interviewen_US
dc.subjectQuestion Wordingen_US
dc.titleCognitive testing of physical activity and acculturation questions in recent and long-term Latino immigrantsen_US


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