Instability Monitoring and Control of Power Systems

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2004

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Today's electric power systems are often subject to stress by heavy loading conditions, resulting in operation with a small margin of stability. This has led to research on estimating the distance to instability. Most of these research efforts are solely model-based. In this work, a signal-based approach for real-time detection of impending instability is considered. The main idea pursued here involves using a small additive white Gaussian noise as a probe signal and monitoring the spectral density of one or more measured states for certain signatures of impending instability. Input-to-state participation factors are introduced as a tool to aid in selection of locations for probe inputs and outputs to be monitored. Since these participation factors are model-based, the chapter combines signal-based and model-based ideas toward achieving a robust methodology for instability monitoring.

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