Energy Efficiency Optimization in Green Wireless Communications

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The rising energy concern and the ubiquity of energy-consuming wireless applications have sparked a keen interest in the development and deployment of energy-efficient and eco-friendly wireless communication technology. Green Wireless Communications aims to find innovative solutions to improve energy efficiency, and to relieve/reduce the carbon footprint of wireless industry, while maintaining/improving performance metrics.

Looking back at the wireless communications of the past decades, the air-interface design and network deployment had mainly focused on the spectral efficiency, instead of energy efficiency. From the cellular network to the personal area network, no matter what size the wireless network is, the milestones along the evolutions of wireless networks had always been higher-and-higher data rates throughout these years. Most of these throughput-oriented optimizations lead to a full-power operation to support a higher throughput or spectral efficiency, which is typically not energy-efficient.

To qualify as green wireless communications, we believe that a candidate technology needs to be of high energy efficiency, reduced electromagnetic pollution, and low-complexity. In this dissertation research, towards the evolution of the green wireless communications, we have extended our efforts in two important aspects of the wireless communications system: air-interface and networking.

In the first aspect of this work, we study a promising green communications technology, the time reversal system, as a novel air-interface of the future green wireless communications. We propose a concept of time reversal division multiple access (TRDMA) as a novel wireless media access scheme for wireless broadband networks, and investigate its fundamental theoretical limits. Motivated by the great energy-harvesting potential of the TRDMA, we develop an asymmetric architecture for the TRDMA based multiuser networks. The unique asymmetric architecture shifts the most complexity to the BS in both downlink and uplink schemes, facilitating very low-cost terminal users in the networks. To further enhance the system performance, a 2D parallel interference cancellation scheme is presented to explore the inherent structure of the interference signals, and therefore efficiently improve the resulting SINR and system performance.

In the second aspect of this work, we explore the energy-saving potential of the cooperative networking for cellular systems. We propose a dynamic base-station switching strategy and incorporate the cooperative base-station operation to improve the energy-efficiency of the cellular networks without sacrificing the quality of service of the users. It is shown that significant energy saving potential can be achieved by the proposed scheme.