School Security Practices: Investigating Their Consequences on Student Fear, Bonding and School Climate

dc.contributor.advisorGottfredson, Denise C.en_US
dc.contributor.authorPhaneuf, Shannon Womeren_US
dc.contributor.departmentCriminology and Criminal Justiceen_US
dc.contributor.publisherDigital Repository at the University of Marylanden_US
dc.contributor.publisherUniversity of Maryland (College Park, Md.)en_US
dc.description.abstractAlthough millions of dollars are spent each year on improving school security, not much has been done to assess the influence of these strategies on violence or student fear. Critics of security practices in schools argue that potential negative consequences stemming from the use of security practices in schools may outweigh their benefits. This study tested ideas voiced by opponents of the use of security practices in schools and based on the concept of collective efficacy. The study examined the influence of school security practices on student fear, student bonding and school climate in a sample of 233 secondary schools. The study used principal, student and teacher survey data from the National Study of Delinquency Prevention in Schools and hierarchical linear modeling techniques. Results indicated that the use of selected security practices in schools did not influence levels of student fear or bonding. Several school- and community-level variables were better predictors of student fear and bonding than was the use of school security strategies. Among these variables were community poverty and disorganization, percentage teachers black, school auspices (public, private, Catholic), community gang problems, and student enrollment. A discussion of the implications and limitations of this study, as well as suggestions for future research, are presented.en_US
dc.format.extent587932 bytes
dc.subject.pqcontrolledSociology, Criminology and Penologyen_US
dc.subject.pqcontrolledSociology, Criminology and Penologyen_US
dc.subject.pquncontrolledschool security activitiesen_US
dc.subject.pquncontrolledstudent fearen_US
dc.subject.pquncontrolledsocial bondingen_US
dc.subject.pquncontrolledschool climateen_US
dc.subject.pquncontrolledschool-based preventionen_US
dc.titleSchool Security Practices: Investigating Their Consequences on Student Fear, Bonding and School Climateen_US


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