Listening to Maps: User Evaluation of Interactive Sonifications of Geo-Referenced Data (2004)

dc.contributor.authorZhao, Haixiaen_US
dc.contributor.authorSmith, Benjamin K.en_US
dc.contributor.authorNorman, Kent L.en_US
dc.contributor.authorPlaisant, Catherineen_US
dc.contributor.authorShneiderman, Benen_US
dc.description.abstractIn this paper, we summarize the Auditory Information Seeking Principle (AISP) (gist, navigate, filter, and details-ondemand). To improve blind access to geo-referenced statistical data, we developed several interactive sonifications, adhering to the above AISP. Two user studies are presented. In the first user study with nine sighted subjects, a preliminary map design is compared with an enhanced table design. The study shows subjects can recognize geographic data distribution patterns on a real map with 51 geographic regions, in both designs. The map-based design was strongly preferred. The study also shows evidence that AISP conforms to people information seeking strategies. Based on the observations from the first user study, a second user study was conducted with forty-eight sighted subjects comparing four map designs. The effects of using sound to encode vertical geographic positions and two map navigation methods were compared. The result is presented and future work is discussed.en_US
dc.format.extent378320 bytes
dc.relation.ispartofseriesISR; TR 2005-56en_US
dc.titleListening to Maps: User Evaluation of Interactive Sonifications of Geo-Referenced Data (2004)en_US
dc.typeTechnical Reporten_US


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