Anomalous 33S in the Lunar Mantle

dc.contributor.authorDottin, J. W. III
dc.contributor.authorKim, S.-T.
dc.contributor.authorWing, B.
dc.contributor.authorFarquhar, J.
dc.contributor.authorShearer, C.
dc.description.abstractThe origin, evolution, and cycling of volatiles on the Moon are established by processes such as the giant moon forming impact, degassing of the lunar magma ocean, degassing during surface eruptions, and lunar surface gardening events. These processes typically induce mass-dependent stable isotope fractionations. Mass-independent fractionation of stable isotopes has yet to be demonstrated during events that release large volumes of gas on the moon and establish transient lunar atmospheres. We present quadruple sulfur isotope compositions of orange and black glass beads from drive tube 74002/1. The sulfur isotope and concentration data collected on the orange and black glasses confirm a role for magmatic sulfur loss during eruption. The Δ33S value of the orange glasses is homogenous (Δ33S = −0.029‰ ± 0.004‰, 2SE) and different from the isotopic composition of lunar basalts (Δ33S = 0.002‰ ± 0.004‰, 2SE). We link the negative Δ33S composition of the orange glasses to an anomalous sulfur source in the lunar mantle. The nature of this anomalous sulfur source remains unknown and is either linked to (a) an impactor that delivered anomalous sulfur after late accretion, (b) sulfur that was photochemically processed early during lunar evolution and was transported to the lunar mantle, or (c) a primitive sulfur component that survived mantle mixing. The examined black glass preserves a mass-dependent Δ33S composition (−0.008‰ ± 0.006‰, 2SE). The orange and black glasses are considered genetically related, but the discrepancy in Δ33S composition among the two samples calls their relationship into question.
dc.identifier.citationDottin, J. W., Kim, S.-T., Wing, B., Farquhar, J., & Shearer, C. (2023). Anomalous 33S in the lunar mantle. Journal of Geophysical Research: Planets, 128, e2022JE007597.
dc.relation.isAvailableAtCollege of Computer, Mathematical & Natural Sciencesen_us
dc.relation.isAvailableAtDigital Repository at the University of Marylanden_us
dc.relation.isAvailableAtUniversity of Maryland (College Park, MD)en_us
dc.subjectsulfur isotopes
dc.subjectlunar mantle
dc.subjectmass independent fractionation
dc.subjectlunar glass beads
dc.titleAnomalous 33S in the Lunar Mantle


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