Diffusion of Oxygen and Lithium Isotopes at a Contact between the Bushveld Complex and Metasedimentary Rock: Implications for the Timescale of Phepane Dome Diapirism
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Within the Eastern Lobe of the Bushveld Complex, the Phepane Dome is a circular structure of metasedimentary rock hypothesized to have formed as a wallrock diapir. To constrain the duration of Phepane Dome formation using one-dimensional diffusion models of oxygen and lithium exchange between the Bushveld Complex and the Phepane Dome, samples taken across the contact between these two lithologies were measured for their O and Li isotopic compositions and Li concentrations. Models of O and Li diffusion through melt and through aqueous fluid were fit to the data, resulting in a diffusive distance of 1.0 m for oxygen and 14.1 m for lithium. Using experimentally constrained parameters for O and Li diffusion, a range of 2 kyrs to 2 Myrs was calculated from the diffusive distances. This is consistent with previous studies of the time for crystallization of the Bushveld Complex and a model of Phepane diapir development.