Applications of Genetic Algorithms, Dynamic Programming, and Linear Programming to Combinatorial Optimization Problems
Golden, Bruce L.
Combinatorial optimization problems are important in operations research and computer science. They include specific, well-known problems such as the bin packing problem, sequencing and scheduling problems, and location and network design problems. Each of these problems has a wide variety of real-world applications. In addition, most of these problems are inherently difficult to solve, as they are NP-hard. No polynomial-time algorithm currently exists for solving them to optimality. Therefore, we are interested in developing high-quality heuristics that find near-optimal solutions in a reasonable amount of computing time. In this dissertation, we focus on applications of genetic algorithms, dynamic programming, and linear programming to combinatorial optimization problems. We apply a genetic algorithm to solve the generalized orienteering problem. We use a combination of genetic algorithms and linear program to solve the concave cost supply scheduling problem, the controlled tabular adjustment problem, and the two-stage transportation problem. Our heuristics are simple in structure and produce high-quality solutions in a reasonable amount of computing time. Finally, we apply a dynamic programming-based heuristic to solve the shortest pickup planning tour problem with time windows.