Show simple item record

dc.contributor.advisorJames, Bruce Ren_US
dc.contributor.authorBrose, Dominicen_US
dc.date.accessioned2008-08-07T05:30:46Z
dc.date.available2008-08-07T05:30:46Z
dc.date.issued2008-05-05en_US
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/1903/8316
dc.description.abstractSoils from three toposequences in Maryland with minimal heavy metal contamination were sampled to investigate oxidation-reduction transformations of chromium in whole soil samples. Chromium (VI) reduction to Cr(III) was observed in all 18 samples, and 11 demonstrated enhanced reduction with the electron shuttle anthraquinone-2,6-disulfonate (AQDS). Oxidation of Cr(III) to Cr(VI) was observed in 12 samples, and 7 samples demonstrated diminished oxidation with AQDS. Lactate was added to the Watchung series to enhance biological activity, and high salt concentration was added to inhibit it. Both treatments reduced Cr(VI) to below detection limits by 11 d, suggesting abiotic reduction. The control treatment demonstrated reduction of Cr(VI) without soil. To further investigate, increasing lactate concentrations were added to Cr(VI) and AQDS. Reduction increased with increasing concentration; 60 mM lactate reduced all Cr(VI) within 1 hr. Other organic acids were tested for similar interactions; tartrate and citrate reduced Cr(VI), which was enhanced with AQDS.en_US
dc.format.extent1416310 bytes
dc.format.mimetypeapplication/pdf
dc.language.isoen_US
dc.titleOxidation-Reduction Transformations of Chromium in Aerobic Soils and the Role of Electron-Shuttling Quinones in Chemical and Microbiological Pathwaysen_US
dc.typeThesisen_US
dc.contributor.publisherDigital Repository at the University of Marylanden_US
dc.contributor.publisherUniversity of Maryland (College Park, Md.)en_US
dc.contributor.departmentNatural Resource Sciencesen_US
dc.subject.pqcontrolledAgriculture, Soil Scienceen_US
dc.subject.pqcontrolledChemistry, Agriculturalen_US
dc.subject.pquncontrolledHexavalent Chromiumen_US
dc.subject.pquncontrolledReductionen_US
dc.subject.pquncontrolledOxidationen_US
dc.subject.pquncontrolledElectron Shuttlingen_US
dc.subject.pquncontrolledQuinonesen_US
dc.subject.pquncontrolledSoilen_US


Files in this item

Thumbnail

This item appears in the following Collection(s)

Show simple item record