Diversion of Prescription Medication in a College Student Sample
Garnier, Laura Maria
MetadataShow full item record
This study sought to determine rates of prescription diversion, what medications are diverted, and what risk factors predict diversion. Surveys from 554 respondents in the College Life Study (CLS) who had been prescribed a medication were obtained and examined. Prevalence estimates for diversion were computed for four types of medications. Regressions were run testing for predictive effects of low self-control, prior deviance, and social bonds on diversion. Almost one third (31%) of students reporting either sharing or selling a prescription in their lifetime. Prescription ADHD medications were most likely to be diverted. Regression models supported the hypothesis that prior deviant behavior was related to diversion. These findings were partially mediated by the role of perceived social norms and perceived harm. Findings suggest diversion is a common problem on college campuses, and more must be done to identify risk factors of diversion to curtail this behavior. Implications for policy are discussed.