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The Effects of Strength Training on Regional Body Composition in Older Adults: Sex and Race Comparisons

dc.contributor.advisorHurley, Ben Fen_US
dc.contributor.authorWalts, Coryen_US
dc.description.abstractPurpose: To examine the influence of sex and race on the effects of strength training (ST) on thigh muscle volume (MV), mid-thigh subcutaneous fat (SCF) and intermuscular fat (IMF). Methods: One hundred and eighty-one previously inactive healthy Caucasian (N=117), African-American (N=54), and other (N=10) men (N=82) and women (N=99), aged 50-85 yrs, underwent ~10 weeks of unilateral knee extension ST. Results: Training-induced increases in absolute MV were significantly greater (P < 0.01) in men than in women. There were significant increases in MV within each race (P < 0.001); but no significant differences between races. There were no significant changes in SCF and IMF whether sex and racial groups were separated or combined. In addition, there was no sex by race interaction for changes in MV, SCF, or IMF with ST. Conclusion: Ten weeks of unilateral strength training does not alter subcutaneous or intermuscular fat regardless of sex or racial differences. Although men exhibit a greater muscle hypertrophic response to strength training compared to women, the difference is small. Race does not influence this response.en_US
dc.format.extent7670783 bytes
dc.titleThe Effects of Strength Training on Regional Body Composition in Older Adults: Sex and Race Comparisonsen_US
dc.contributor.publisherDigital Repository at the University of Marylanden_US
dc.contributor.publisherUniversity of Maryland (College Park, Md.)en_US
dc.subject.pqcontrolledHealth Sciences, Generalen_US
dc.subject.pqcontrolledHealth Sciences, Public Healthen_US
dc.subject.pquncontrolledStrength Trainingen_US
dc.subject.pquncontrolledBody Compositionen_US
dc.subject.pquncontrolledSex Comparisonsen_US
dc.subject.pquncontrolledRace Comparisonsen_US

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