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Why Were Scud Casualties So Low?

dc.contributor.authorFetter, Steve
dc.contributor.authorLewis, George N.
dc.contributor.authorGronlund, Lisbeth
dc.identifier.citationSteve Fetter, George N. Lewis, and Lisbeth Gronlund, "Why Were Scud Casualties So Low?" Nature (28 January 1993), pp. 293–296.en
dc.description.abstractPatriot missiles were returned to the Gulf last week. But they were not the reason for the unexpectedly low casualty rate when Saddam attacked Israel with Scud missiles in 1991. Iraq fired more than 80 modified Scud missiles at Israel and Saudi Arabia during the 1991 Persian Gulf War. These attacks caused 31 deaths, numerous injuries, and substantial property damage. With the exception of the Scud that hit a barracks in Dhahran, Saudi Arabia, and killed 28 U.S. soldiers, however, the number of deaths and serious injuries caused by each Scud appear to be much lower than one would have expected based on the results of previous ballistic missile attacks. The relatively low casualty rate has been cited by several analysts as evidence of the success of the Patriot missile defense system. Others have argued that the same casualty data suggests that the Patriot may not have been very successful.en
dc.format.extent30779 bytes
dc.publisherNature Publishing Groupen
dc.subjectPatriot missilesen
dc.subjectScud missilesen
dc.subjectSaddam Husseinen
dc.subjectPersian Gulf Waren
dc.subjectballistic missile attacksen
dc.subjectcasualty rateen
dc.titleWhy Were Scud Casualties So Low?en
dc.relation.isAvailableAtSchool of Public Policyen_us
dc.relation.isAvailableAtPublic Policyen_us
dc.relation.isAvailableAtDigital Repository at the University of Marylanden_us
dc.relation.isAvailableAtUniversity of Maryland (College Park, Md.)en_us
dc.rights.licenseNature Publishing Group,

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