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Effect of Air on Rumen Gas Production

dc.contributor.advisorKohn, Richard Aen_US
dc.contributor.authorRha, Rachel Youngahen_US
dc.description.abstractRuminants may swallow air as they eat and ruminate throughout the day. However, it is unclear as to how the introduction of oxygen impacts fermentation pathways, bacteria, and yeast within this mostly anaerobic environment. Therefore, the focus of this thesis was to study air’s impact on rumen fermentation and to determine if probiotics could offset air’s impact on digestibility. An in vitro analysis of air and probiotics indicated the main effect of air decreased digestibility, the main effect of probiotics had variable effects, and probiotics had significant interactions with air. The interactions suggested yeast employing a potential alternative pathway with the introduction of oxygen. Utilizing published literature, a static and dynamic mathematical model was built to further analyze digestibility, gas composition, and uptake of oxygen within the rumen. Future studies will further develop this model with in vivo studies to further interpretation and understanding of rumen fermentation’s complex system.en_US
dc.titleEffect of Air on Rumen Gas Productionen_US
dc.contributor.publisherDigital Repository at the University of Marylanden_US
dc.contributor.publisherUniversity of Maryland (College Park, Md.)en_US
dc.contributor.departmentAnimal Sciencesen_US
dc.subject.pqcontrolledEnvironmental scienceen_US

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