Finance and Productivity
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Financial crises are associated with large and persistent output losses, pointing to productivity losses. A potential channel for this phenomenon is the negative impact of disruptions in financial markets on innovative activity, since innovation is the key driver of productivity and economic growth. Throughout three chapters of my dissertation, I provide evidence for this channel. Using data from advanced, emerging market and European economies, following different financial crisis episodes, I show that financial crises lead to a persistent decline, not only in the economic output, but also in innovation. The findings in this dissertation have implciations for macroeconomic policies such as monetary and fiscal policies, structrucal reforms, crisis prevention policies and policies that can shelter productive investment projects from financial frictions.