Similarities in affect, perceived stress, and weight concerns between Black and White women who quit smoking during pregnancy
Levine, Michele and Marcus, Marsha and Leon-Verdin, MaGuadalupe (2008) Similarities in affect, perceived stress, and weight concerns between Black and White women who quit smoking during pregnancy. Nicotine & Tobacco Research, 10 (10). pp. 1543-1548.
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Mood and weight concerns may relate to postpartum smoking, and racial differences in these concerns may be important in developing interventions to prevent postpartum relapse. We compared differences in the smoking patterns, mood, and weight concerns of Black and White women who quit smoking during pregnancy (N=174). In univariate comparisons, there were no consistent differences in nicotine dependence, smoking history, or motivation to remain abstinent postpartum. Moreover, although there were univariate differences in negative affect, smoking for weight control, and eating disinhibition, after controlling for differences in income and educational background between Black and White women, these differences in mood and weight concerns were no longer significant. In our sample of pregnant women who had quit smoking, Black and White women did not differ in mood and weight concerns, two potentially modifiable variables that may affect smoking postpartum relapse.