A Control-Theoretic Model of Hemodynamic Responses to Blood Volume Perturbation
Lo, Alex Kai-Yuan
MetadataShow full item record
This thesis presents a mathematical model to reproduce hemodynamic responses of different endpoints to the blood volume perturbation in circulation system. The proposed model includes three sub-models, which are a control-theoretic model relating blood volume response to blood volume perturbation, a physiologic-based model relating cardiac output response to blood volume perturbation, and a control-theoretic model relating mean arterial pressure response to cardiac output perturbation. Two unique characteristics of this hemodynamic model are that the model can reproduce responses accurately even with its simplicity, and can be easily understood by control engineers because of its physiological transparency. With these two advantages, closed-loop resuscitation controller evaluation can be performed in model-based approach instead of evaluating results from animal studies, which are relatively costly and time-consuming. In this thesis, the hemodynamic model was examined and evaluated by using experimental dataset collected from 11 animals. The results of system identification analysis, in-silico evaluation and parametric sensitivity analysis showed that the hemodynamic model may faithfully serve as a evaluation basis for the closed-loop resuscitation controllers.