Release, Survival, And Removal of Bovine Manure-Borne Indicator Bacteria Under Simulated Rainfall
Stocker, Matthew Daniel
Hill, Robert L
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The effects of simulated rainfall intensities and its interactions with manure consistency and weathering on the release, survival, and removal of fecal indicator bacteria, Escherichia coli and enterococci, from land-applied dairy manure were evaluated. Rainfall intensity had significant effects on the number of bacteria in the soil following rainfall. Bacteria concentrations in soil decreased with increased soil depths and the topmost centimeter of soil accounted for the greatest proportion of bacteria. Escherichia coli persisted longer than enterococci once removed from manure. Manure consistency was not a significant factor in the removal of bacteria when manure was fresh, but as manure weathering progressed, consistency became a significant factor. The Vadas-Kleinman-Sharpley model was preferred over the exponential model for simulating the removal of manure-borne bacteria. Results of this work will be useful for improving predictions of the human health risks associated with manure-borne pathogenic microorganisms.