Characterizing Cigarette Lighter Flames to Reduce Unwanted Ignition
Williamson, Justin Wade
Marshall, Andre W
Quintiere, James G
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This investigation provides detailed measurements and analysis for improved understanding of ignition from the 'small' flames produced by cigarette lighters. This research program is motivated by the need to improve the fire safety of cigarette lighters in response to the juvenile firesetter problem. A novel cigarette lighter concept for improved ignition safety has been developed, characterized, and compared with conventional lighters. Diagnostics were performed to measure laminar near-field plume behavior and turbulent far-field behavior in these small-scale (75W) flames. Plume diagnostics include centerline temperature, heat flux to a horizontal flat plate, and ignition of filter paper. Data was scaled and compared to plume theory and measurements. Other practical cigarette lighter performance related properties were also noted, such as lighter surface temperatures and cigarette ignition effectiveness.