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Ultracold Mixtures of Rubidium and Ytterbium for Open Quantum System Engineering

dc.contributor.advisorPorto, James Ven_US
dc.contributor.advisorRolston, Steven Len_US
dc.contributor.authorHerold, Creston Daviden_US
dc.description.abstractExquisite experimental control of quantum systems has led to sharp growth of basic quantum research in recent years. Controlling dissipation has been crucial in producing ultracold, trapped atomic samples. Recent theoretical work has suggested dissipation can be a useful tool for quantum state preparation. Controlling not only how a system interacts with a reservoir, but the ability to engineer the reservoir itself would be a powerful platform for open quantum system research. Toward this end, we have constructed an apparatus to study ultracold mixtures of rubidium (Rb) and ytterbium (Yb). We have developed a Rb-blind optical lattice at 423.018(7) nm, which will enable us to immerse a lattice of Yb atoms (the system) into a Rb BEC (superfluid reservoir). We have produced Bose-Einstein condensates of 170-Yb and 174-Yb, two of the five bosonic isotopes of Yb, which also has two fermionic isotopes. Flexible optical trapping of Rb and Yb was achieved with a two-color dipole trap of 532 and 1064 nm, and we observed thermalization in ultracold mixtures of Rb and Yb. Using the Rb-blind optical lattice, we measured very small light shifts of 87-Rb BECs near the light shift zero-wavelengths adjacent the 6p electronic states, through a coherent series of lattice pulses. The positions of the zero-wavelengths are sensitive to the electric dipole matrix elements between the 5s and 6p states, and we made the first experimental measurement of their strength. By measuring a light shift, we were not sensitive to excited state branching ratios, and we achieved a precision better than 0.3%.en_US
dc.titleUltracold Mixtures of Rubidium and Ytterbium for Open Quantum System Engineeringen_US
dc.contributor.publisherDigital Repository at the University of Marylanden_US
dc.contributor.publisherUniversity of Maryland (College Park, Md.)en_US
dc.subject.pqcontrolledQuantum physicsen_US
dc.subject.pqcontrolledAtomic physicsen_US
dc.subject.pquncontrolledmatrix elementen_US
dc.subject.pquncontrolledopen quantum systemen_US
dc.subject.pquncontrolledprecision measurementen_US

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