CLOCK SYNCHRONIZATION AND TARGET LOCATION DETERMINATION IN WIRELESS NETWORKS
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In a distributed system most nodes maintain a local oscillator to derive time information for synchronization with other nodes. A number of clock synchronization techniques have been presented in the literature (e.g. NTP, PTP) which rely on the exchange of messages among nodes to share timing information and to adjust the oset or skew of the clocks. We present an approach which does not require any adjustments to the local clocks, but relies on achieving synchronization through clock mapping functions which map the time at one node to the time at another node. We further show how closed paths in a graph of nodes can be used to estimate the synchronization tolerance. Through experimental results using piecewise linear functions, we demonstrate the feasibility of this approach and show how clock synchronization of better than 100 ps can be achieved in Wi-Fi environments. Using the techniques and relying on the hardware of SMiLE3 board, we also demonstrate the ability to measure distance with accuracy of a few inches and thereby the localization to accuracy better than one foot. Results of experiments conducted for localization are also presented.