Prevalence of Salmonella on Laying Hen Farms and Control of Colonization in Poultry Through Egg Yolk Antibodies

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Date
2014
Authors
Almario, Jose Alejandro Navarro
Advisor
Biswas, Debabrata
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Abstract
In the United States, rates of foodborne illness caused by Salmonella have not changed significantly. One study in this thesis estimated Salmonella prevalence and antimicrobial resistance of various samples from conventional (n=181) and organic (n=252) farms. Rates of Salmonella contamination were significantly lower on conventional than organic farms. Antimicrobial resistance was significantly higher on isolates from conventional versus organic farms. These findings suggest that poultry production practices may have significant effects on prevalence and antibiotic resistance patterns of Salmonella. The other study assessed the efficacy of a Salmonella control strategy using anti-Salmonella antibodies, two chicken cell lines, an HD-11 macrophage and a DF-1 fibroblast line, and Salmonella serovars Typhimurium and Enteritidis. In DF-1 cells, treatment showed decrease adherence of the pathogen. However, in HD-11 cells, treatment showed an increase in pathogen adherence, indicating a more detailed understanding of chicken response to treatment with the antibodies is needed before full-scale implementation.
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