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Substrate Specificity and Molecular Characterization of PAH-Degrading Anaerobic Enrichment Cultures Under Methanogenic Conditions

dc.contributor.advisorHoloman, Tracey R. P.en_US
dc.contributor.authorBaldwin, Brandien_US
dc.date.accessioned2004-06-04T05:41:30Z
dc.date.available2004-06-04T05:41:30Z
dc.date.issued2004-05-06en_US
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/1903/1443
dc.description.abstractOver the past several years, this lab has cultivated enriched anaerobic mixed cultures capable of degrading the low-molecular-weight polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs), naphthalene or phenanthrene, as a sole carbon source. Characterization of the enrichment cultures by 16S rDNA analysis revealed two unique populations, though they were initiated from the same sediment source. This study set out to determine the ability of these highly enriched communities to utilize a new carbon source, and to identify the effect of this shift on the population profile. The phenanthrene-degrading culture demonstrated significant naphthalene-degrading activity; however, the naphthalene-degrading culture was unable to degrade phenanthrene. Molecular characterization of these cultures showed a single species common to both original enrichment cultures and dominating in the population able to degrade both substrates. These results suggest that very few members of the mixed cultures participate in the degradation of PAHs, whereas the remaining members live off the metabolic byproducts.en_US
dc.format.extent291781 bytes
dc.format.mimetypeapplication/pdf
dc.language.isoen_US
dc.titleSubstrate Specificity and Molecular Characterization of PAH-Degrading Anaerobic Enrichment Cultures Under Methanogenic Conditionsen_US
dc.typeThesisen_US
dc.relation.isAvailableAtDigital Repository at the University of Marylanden_US
dc.relation.isAvailableAtUniversity of Maryland (College Park, Md.)en_US
dc.contributor.departmentChemical Engineeringen_US
dc.subject.pqcontrolledEngineering, Chemicalen_US
dc.subject.pqcontrolledEnvironmental Sciencesen_US
dc.subject.pqcontrolledEngineering, Environmentalen_US


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