Review of the Molecular Biology and Epidemiology of Infectious Laryngotracheitis (Gallid Herpesvirus-1)
Menendez, Kimberly Rae
Tablante, Nathaniel L
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A review of the molecular biology and epidemiology of avian infectious laryngotracheitis (ILT) is conducted due to the outdated state of current ILT review material. The objective of this review is to include updated information on the molecular biology of Gallid herpesvirus 1 (GaHV-1), the causative agent of ILT, and to present the latest information on the molecular epidemiology of ILT. Recent developments in molecular biology specific to GaHV-1 have been made and are highlighted in this review, and the role of current and historical use of live-attenuated vaccines is associated with the global and molecular epidemiology of ILT. Also, target genes for detection and strain differentiation are compiled by region of the world, and the global distribution of ILT is illustrated. Additionally, the field of epigenetics related to virus-host interactions is reviewed, and the molecular, epidemiologic, and epigenetic factors investigated are related to prospects for future eradication of ILT.