DECENTRALIZED RESOURCE ORCHESTRATION FOR HETEROGENEOUS GRIDS
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Modern desktop machines now use multi-core CPUs to enable improved performance. However, achieving high performance on multi-core machines without optimized software support is still difficult even in a single machine, because contention for shared resources can make it hard to exploit multiple computing resources efficiently. Moreover, more diverse and heterogeneous hardware platforms (e.g. general-purpose GPU and Cell processors) have emerged and begun to impact grid computing. Given that heterogeneity and diversity are now a major trend going forward, grid computing must support these environmental changes. In this dissertation, I design and evaluate a decentralized resource management scheme to exploit heterogeneous multiple computing resources effectively. I suggest resource management algorithms that can efficiently utilize a diverse computational environment, including multiple symmetric computing entities and heterogeneous multi-computing entities, and achieve good load-balancing and high total system throughput. Moreover, I propose expressive resource description techniques to accommodate more heterogeneous environments, allowing incoming jobs with complex requirements to be matched to available resources. First, I develop decentralized resource management frameworks and job scheduling schemes to exploit multi-core nodes in peer-to-peer grids. I present two new load-balancing schemes that explicitly account for resource sharing and contention across multiple cores within a single machine, and propose a simple performance prediction model that can represent a continuum of resource sharing among cores of a CPU. Second, I provide scalable resource discovery and load balancing techniques to accommodate nodes with many types of computing elements, such as multi-core CPUs and GPUs, in a peer-to-peer grid architecture. My scheme takes into account diverse aspects of heterogeneous nodes to maximize overall system throughput as well as minimize messaging costs without sacrificing the failure resilience provided by an underlying peer-to-peer overlay network. Finally, I propose an expressive resource discovery method to support multi-attribute, range-based job constraints. The common approach of using simple attribute indexes does not suffice, as range-based constraints may be satisfied by more than a single value. I design a compact ID-based representation for resource characteristics, and integrate this representation into the decentralized resource discovery framework. By extensive experimental results via simulation, I show that my schemes can match heterogeneous jobs to heterogeneous resources both effectively (good matches are found, load is balanced), and efficiently (the new functionality imposes little overhead).